# Faculty / Staff Profiles

## Dr. Zeeshan Saleem Mufti

#### Assistant Professor

##### Mathematics and Statistics

## Biography

I completed my Ph.D. Degree in 2020. I am working in the following research areas such as Graph Theory, Fuzzy Graph Theory, and Chemical Graph theory, Networking, Machine Learning.

I have been serving the UOL since February 2008. During the
long journey with UOL along with teaching, I have performed multiple duties
such as Course Coordinator, Sports Coordinator(2015-to date), Website Coordinator,
Oric Coordinator, and Focal Person for Online Classes through ZOOM on the slate(2020-to date).
I have produced 27 MPhil students and 27 HEC-recognized impact factor research publications.
Before joining UOL I served in different institutions such as Anjuman
Himayat-e-Islam Muhammad Amin Polytechnic institute(2003-2006), FC College (A Chartered
University), and Minhaj-ul-Quran University.

__HEC Approved Supervisor__

Official Email: zeeshan.saleem@math.uol.edu.pk

## Education

SrNo. | Year | Degree | Board/University |
---|---|---|---|

1 | 2020 | PHD Mathematics | Comsats University Islamabad, Lahore Campus |

2 | 2008 | MPhil Mathematics | The University Of Lahore |

3 | 2001 | MSc Mathematics | Punjab University |

## Experience

SrNo. | From | To | Category | Designation | Organization |
---|---|---|---|---|---|

1 | 27 February, 2013 | To Date | Assistant Professor | The University Of Lahore | |

2 | 2008 | 27 February, 2013 | Lecturer | The University Of Lahore | |

3 | 10/01/2007 | 01/31/2008 | Lecturer | Minhaj University Lahore | |

4 | 2006 | 2007 | Lecturer | Forman Christian College (A Chartered Univeristy) |

## Publications

SrNo. | Title |
---|---|

1 | Computation of Vertex Degree-Based Molecular Descriptors of Hydrocarbon Structure |

2 | Computing the Energy and Estrada Index of Different Molecular Structures |

3 | Computing First and Second Fuzzy Zagreb Indices of Linear and Multi acyclic Hydrocarbons |

4 | Topological Study of Zirconium Tetrachloride ZrCl4 under Molecular Descriptors |

5 | An Approximation for the Entropy Measuring in the General Structure of SGSP3 |

6 | Characterizations of Left H-Clifford Semirings by Their H-Ideals |

7 | Degree based topological indices of Boron B12 |

8 | On Certain Aspects of Topological Indices |

9 | Theoretical study of energy, inertia and nullity of phenylene and anthracene |

10 | Topological Study of Zeolite Socony Mobil-5 via Degree-Based Topological Indices |

11 | SOME STUDY OF SEMIGROUPS OF H-bi-IDEALS OF SEMIRINGS 123 |

12 | Computation of edge metric dimension of barycentric subdivision of Cayley graphs |

13 | A Consequential Computation of Degree Based Topological Indices of Grasmere Geometric Graph |

14 | "M-polynomial and entropy of para-line graph of naphthalene" |

15 | On topological indices of subdivided and line graph of subdivided friendship graph |

16 | On ABC4 and GA5 Index of Subdivided and Line Graph of Subdivided Dutch Windmill Graph |

17 | "On Topological Indices of the Line Graph of Uniformly Subdivided Graph" |

18 | On Topological Indices of Subdivided and Line Graph of Subdivided Friendship Graph |

19 | M-polynomial and entropy of para-line graph of naphthalene |

20 | On ABC4 and GA5 Index of Subdivided and Line Graph of Subdivided Dutch Windmill Graph |

21 | On Topological Indices of the Line Graph of Uniformly Subdivided Graph |

22 | Computing Topological Indices for Para-Line Graphs of Anthracene |

23 | On Sanskruti and harmonic indices of a certain graph structure |

24 | Computing the metric dimension of the Gear Graph |

25 | Topological study of the para-line graphs of certain pentacene via topological indices |

26 | Study of The Paraline Graphs of Certain Benzenoid Structures Using Topological Indices |

## Conferences

## Awards

SrNo. | Year | Awarding Organization | Description |
---|---|---|---|

1 | 2017 | The University Of Lahore | Received shield as a chief guest from Art and Cultural Society |

2 | 2018 | The University Of Lahore | Received shield as a Sports Coordinator sports Gala 2018 |

3 | 2017 | The University Of Lahore | Received shield as a Sports Coordinator sports Gala 2017 |

Memberships

SrNo. | From - To | Title | Organization |
---|---|---|---|

1 | 2007 - to date | Life Time members | Mathematical Society |

## Courses Taught

SrNo. | Type | Title | University | Semester |
---|---|---|---|---|

1 | BS Mathematics | Ordinary Differential Equations | The University Of Lahore | 4th |

2 | BS Mathematics | Metric Spaces and Group Theory | The University Of Lahore | 4th |

3 | BS Mathematics | Group Theory-I ( Normal Subgroups and Complexes in | The University Of Lahore | 5th |

4 | BS Mathematics | Complex Analysis-I ( Analytic Function and Complex | The University Of Lahore | 5th |

5 | BS Mathematics | Topology | The University Of Lahore | 5th |

6 | BS Mathematics | Complex Analysis-II ( Theory of Residue and Ellipt | The University Of Lahore | 6th |

7 | Electrical Engineering | COMPLEX VARIABLES AND TRANSFORMS | The University Of Lahore | 3rd |

8 | Electrical Engineering | Numerical Analysis | The University Of Lahore | 6th |

9 | Electrical Engineering | SOLID STATE GEOMETRY AND MULTIVARIATE CALCULUS | The University Of Lahore | 4th |

10 | Civil Engineering | Probability Methods in Engineering | The University Of Lahore | 4th |

11 | MS Electrical Engineering | MATHEMATICAL METHODS FOR ENGINEERS | The University Of Lahore | 1st |

12 | BS Mathematics | Discrete Mathematics | The University Of Lahore | 2nd |

13 | BS Mathematics | Plane Curves and Analytical Geometry | The University Of Lahore | 2nd |

14 | Electrical Engineering | Applied Calculus | The University Of Lahore | 1st |

15 | Electrical Engineering | LINEAR ALGEBRA | The University Of Lahore | 2nd |

16 | Electrical Engineering | DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS | The University Of Lahore | 2nd |

17 | BS Mathematics | LINEAR ALGEBRA | The University Of Lahore | 3rd |

18 | BS Mathematics | Graph Theory | The University Of Lahore | 3rd |

19 | M. Phil | Graph Theory | The University of Lahore | Fall 2021 |

## Project Supervisor

SrNo. | Title | From - To | Organization | Type |
---|---|---|---|---|

1 | The Survey on Grobner Basis and their application | 2015 - 2016 | The University of Lahore | Mphil Thesis |

2 | Study the Topological Indices of Generalized Siers | 2016 - 2018 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

3 | The Study of M-Polynomial, Topological Indices and | 2016 - 2018 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

4 | The Topological Indices of Haxagonal Cyclic Graph. | 2016 - 2018 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

5 | To Study the Topological Indices of Network of Hex | 2016 - 2018 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

6 | Computational Study of The Paraline Graph of Acene | 2016 - 2018 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

7 | A Consequential Computation of Degree Based Topolo | 2017 - 2019 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

8 | Computing Degree Based Topological Indices of Some | 2017 - 2019 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

9 | On Certain Aspects of Topological Indices. | 2017 - 2019 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

10 | Computational Aspects of Energy of Some Graphs | 2017 - 2019 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

11 | Theoretical Study Of Energy Of Certain Graphs | 2018 - 2020 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

12 | Study Degree Based Topological Indices of Chemical Graphs | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

13 | Degree-Based Topological Indices of Boron B12 and Zirconium Tetrachloride | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

14 | 14. M-Polynomial And Degree Based Topological Indices Of Anthracene (C14h10) Graph | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

15 | Study On Degree Based Molecular Descriptors Of Certain Graphs | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

16 | Topological Descriptors of Certain Graphs | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

17 | Study of Naphthalene Using Topological Indices | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

18 | Degree and Distance Based Topological Indices Of Some Chemical Structures | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

19 | STUDY OF NEIGHBOURHOOD BASED TOPOLOGICAL INDICES OF ORGANGIC AND INORGANIC STRUCTURE | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

20 | Computation of entropy measures and Sombor indices for the paraline graph of Naphthalene | 2019 - 2021 | The University of Lahore | MPhil Thesis |

## Services

SrNo. | From - To | Organization | Job Description |
---|---|---|---|

1 | 04/02/2020 - 12/31/2022 | The University of Lahore | Focal Person for the Faculty Training of Zoom |

2 | 03/18/2021 - 09/18/2021 | The University of Lahore | ORIC Coordinator |

3 | 01/01/2015 - 12/31/2022 | The University of Lahore | Sports Coordinator |

4 | 01/04/2017 - 09/18/2021 | The University of Lahore | Member of Examination Commatiee... |

5 | 01/01/2010 - 01/01/2015 | The University of Lahore | Course Coordinator... |

6 | 06/01/2022 - 07/31/2023 | The University of Lahore | Secretary of Board of Studies, BOS |

7 | 06/01/2023 - 07/31/2023 | The University of Lahore | Member of Admission Committee |

8 | 03/01/2023 - 07/31/2023 | The University of Lahore | Member of Industrial board, UOL |

## Books

## Research Fundings

## Extracurricular Activities

SrNo. | Hobbies | Interests |
---|---|---|

1 | Tourism, Book Reading, Gym Workout, Fitness Exerci |

## Languages and Skills

SrNo. | Langues | Skills |
---|---|---|

1 | English , Urdu |

## Active Collabrations

## Consulting Experience

#### Achievements / Rewards

##### Description

**In a substantial ambassadorial effort, Prof Dr Rabia Akhtar (Director of the Center for Security, Strategy, and Policy Research (CSSPR)) represented Pakistan as a thought leader in a delegation of five eminent scholars from Asia. This delegation, constituted by the Asia chapter of Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), visited Berlin, Germany, to engage in dialogues and meetings aimed at understanding Germany’s viewpoints on key global issues, from June 13-15, 2023.**

The FES Strategic Foresight Group, comprising scholars from Pakistan, Thailand, India, South Korea, and Indonesia, sought to gain insights into Germany’s perception of the world, the interconnectedness of geopolitics and geoeconomics, and the overall security and stability of different regions. By interacting with parliamentarians, scholars, and think tank experts, the group aimed to identify Germany’s foreign policy direction amidst intensifying great power competition, technological advancements, and the Russo-Ukrainian war.

Dr Akhtar articulated Pakistan’s aspirations to become a regional and global connector, and expressed her belief that the country could serve as Germany’s partner in promoting peace. She said academic collaboration between the two countries must lay the groundwork for better ties. In that regard, she hoped that the University of Lahore (UOL) and CSSPR will like to establish linkages, to work on security and strategic issues with policymakers, universities, and think tankers in Germany.

Moreover, during the meetings with German officials and academicians, including Dr.Martin Thummel (Deputy Head for East Asia, Southeast Asia and the Pacific, Federal Foreign Office), Dr Akhtar along with the delegation underlined the importance of collaboration between nations in an increasingly interconnected world. It was argued that Europe and Asia should not be considered separate arenas, as common threats and opportunities necessitate a collective approach.

The participants engaged in thought-provoking discussions on how Germany’s foreign policy has evolved amid geopolitical tensions and how the country aims to strike a balance between values-based and interests-based approaches, particularly in the face of the evolving Sino-U.S. rivalry. Central to these discussions was Germany’s embrace of Zeitenwende, signifying a transformative shift in its foreign and defence policies following the war in Ukraine. German officials highlighted that this philosophy would enable their country to contribute positively to regional and global stability.

Furthermore, the delegation stressed the importance of inter-regional dialogues, trade, and economic cooperation between Germany and Asian countries during their meetings with parliamentarians. Geoeconomics emerged as a key theme, with experts acknowledging its potential to promote interdependence, peace, and stability. However, they also expressed caution, and were mindful of the geopolitical complexities that could hinder its effectiveness.

##### Description

** What
traits set exceptional academic leaders apart? One is their ongoing commitment
to academic excellence. Prof Dr Muhammed Ashraf (Rector, UOL), in an interview
with the Press and Publications Cell (PPC) of the University of Lahore (UOL),
shared how his commitment to academics and research led him to stand amongst
the top-cited Plant Science researchers in the world. **

The
second edition of Research.com rankings of the best researchers was
released recently. According to these rankings, Dr Ashraf stood 12th in
the list of top-cited researchers with a massive number of 72,461 citations and
1,169 publications in the field of Plant Science.

While
sharing his sentiments with the PPC team, he said, “It is a great honour and
privilege for me to be among the world’s top-cited Plant Science researchers.
Barely people from third-world countries like Pakistan get such immense
acknowledgement for research, but I, hailing from a developing country, take
pride in the fact that I was able to garner the limelight along with
researchers from advanced countries like America, Germany, etc.”

**Motivation for Plant Science Research**

For
most of his academic life, Dr Ashraf has been conducting research anchored on
Plant Science, his field of specialisation for which he has recently been
recognised globally. Revealing his motivation behind his research drive, he
mentioned that “Research is the key element for institutions and even for
academicians to leave an unprecedented imprint on the global academic spectrum.
The only sound way to project novel ideas pertaining to your field is through
research, and that is what keeps me right on track with research. To make
significant contributions to the field of Plant Science, I try to continually
explore and conduct impactful research.”

**Global Acclamation**

In
continuing the discussion of his research motivation, on a lighter note, he
shared that he received a congratulatory email from Mr Rattan Laal (The Ohio
State University, the United States). “To my surprise, Mr Laal, the world’s
most cited researcher, shared his congratulatory remarks with me. I am humbled
to the core by this global acclamation that I have received so far,” he said.

**Catering to Contemporary Plant Science Issues**

In
every field of study, researchers try to address and explore solutions for the
most pressing issues. In Plant Science and Agronomy, the focal point of
researchers nowadays is the impact of climate change on plants and, broadly, on
the agriculture sector. Upon being asked about the impact of his research, the
UOL Rector stated that “Climate change, undoubtedly, has adversely affected the
lives of plants, animals, and even humans. My focus is particularly on plants
and agriculture. Through my research, I have always tried to address and
highlight the pressing issues that are being faced mainly by Asian and African
countries, and this is also one of the reasons that my research is getting
global acknowledgement because it caters to global issues. Majorly, my work is
based on different plant stresses such as drought, salinity, waterlogging,
temperature extremes etc.”

**Fundamentals of Research, Publications, and Rankings**

Not
many people are familiar with the Research.com rankings, and in fact, they lack
even the most basic knowledge of research rankings. During his interview with
PPC, Dr Ashraf summarised the entire research ranking process by saying that “A
researcher gets ranked based on his number of publications and citations.
Researchers should try to publish their work in international journals, which
will increase their chances of maximum citations. The more publications and
citations, the higher the H-index, and ultimately, the better the chances of
getting ranked at the top.”

**Tips for soon-to-be Early-career Researchers**

There
is no short cut to conduct profoundly organic research, and that is what Dr
Ashraf said. “Dedication and hard work are the keys to achieve research goals.
Nevertheless, to stand out in the pool of researchers, it is pertinent,
especially for Plant Science research aspirants, to focus on technological and
digital advancements, keeping oneself up-to-date with international
contemporary research trends, and fuelling the urge of discovery by gaining
more and more knowledge,” he advised the students.

##### Description

**A
consumer’s attitude of financial risk tolerance (FRT) plays an important role
in his/her financial decisions, thereby determining his well-being. FRT is a
consumer’s preference for the amount of risk he undertakes while making
investments. Recently, a lot of research studies have been conducted on
consumer well-being and FRT. Being motivated by this trend in financial
research, Dr Muhammad Tahir (Assistant Professor, Lahore Business School, the
University of Lahore (UOL)) and fellow researchers explored the relationship
amongst financial literacy, propensity to plan (PTP), FRT, financial
satisfaction, and life satisfaction.**

Though
scholarly acumen for consumer well-being is rapidly developing, not much is
known regarding the collective roles of financial literacy, PTP, and FRT. Dr
Tahir’s study addressed this gap by showing that financial literacy,
risk-taking attitudes, and planning propensities are all interconnected and
necessary ingredients to improve financial and life satisfaction.

Dr
Tahir’s analytical study titled “Role of financial risk-taking attitude in
personal finances and consumer satisfaction: evidence from Australia” revealed
a strong partial mediation of FRT between financial literacy and financial
satisfaction. Moreover, the analysis showed that a high PTP combined with a
high FRT results in high financial satisfaction.

For
achieving the main objective of the research, the Household, Income, and Labour
Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey was taken into consideration. Furthermore,
Dr Tahir used the variance-based partial least squares structural equation
modelling (PLS-SEM), also known as the PLS path modelling approach, to test the
proposed hypotheses of the study empirically.

The
findings of Dr Tahir’s research study showed the importance of creating
financial plans in accordance with risk tolerance. Considering the relevance of
increasing financial literacy, Dr Tahir suggested that the use of tools that
could help consumers plan and spent in risky investments might lead them to
have a more financial and life satisfaction.

##### Description

**Textile printing is the most versatile and vital methodology for introducing colour and design to textile fabrics. Different types of thickeners (chemical compounds) are used for printing, such as polysaccharide thickener, synthetic thickener, and emulsion thickener. Synthetic thickeners are highly criticised for endangering the environment at the manufacturing stages.**

Dr Dure Najaf Iqbal (Associate Professor, Department of Chemistry, The University of Lahore) and her team of researchers explored an eco-friendly alternative for synthetic thickeners that is effective in the textile printing process. The team revealed that guar gum could serve as an outstanding natural thickener, stabiliser, and gelling agent and could as well be used in various industrial units, including food, cosmetics, textiles, oil fracturing, and mining. Guar gum is one of the most important naturally occurring non-ionic high molecular weight polysaccharides and consists of galactomannan, which has vast applications in various fields.

Dr
Iqbal and her team synthesised carboxymethyl guar gum (CMG) via
monochloroacetic acid under alkaline conditions. The carboxymethylation of guar
gum was accomplished by the Willianson ether technique and the reaction
conditions were optimised during the course of the experiment. Guar derivatives
with variable degrees of substitution (DS) were prepared and confirmed by
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The DS was determined
quantitatively by the titration method for each derivative.

For
this research study, native guar gum was purchased from National Guar
Industries, Karachi, with a molecular weight of 1.043 106 g/mol. Whereas,
all the chemicals and reagents used were of analytical grade and were purchased
from Merck, Germany.

The
result proved that the substituted guar gum is an eco-friendly, non-hazardous
thickener as compared to synthetic thickeners. Furthermore, the penetration
properties, fixation ability, and colour fastness of guar gum were compared
with those of commercial alginate thickeners. The printing trial of the
thickener CMG also showed that carboxymethyl guar gum could easily replace
conventional thickeners without any compromise on printing results and could
prevent fabric stiffness. The tested water-holding capacity (a central aspect
that determines commercial applications of gums) of guar gum made it ideal for
improving the texture of end products in diverse industrial formulations.

Also,
it was revealed that the implementation of carboxymethyl guar gum in textile
printing can reduce the economic burden associated with exporting alginate and
other synthetic thickeners. This, in turn, could enable exporters to offer
competitive pricing without compromising on quality.